Workers who believe that they have been discriminated against can take the matter to the Equality Complaints Board which can instruct the parties to take steps to remedy any discrimination that may have occurred. Non-governmental organizations may take complaints to the Complaints Board. Employers are prohibited from dismissing a worker who has filed a complaint or instituted court proceedings under the Act.
In all cases, the burden of proof lies with the employer, who must show that the treatment or decision complained of is based on grounds other than sex.
A person who deliberately or through negligence violates the Act on the Equal status and Equal rights of women and men can be made liable for damages under general principles of tort. In addition to pecuniary loss, the person concerned may be awarded compensation for non-pecuniary loss. Furthermore, violations of the Act can be punished by fines paid to the State Treasury.