The Icelandic Confederation of Labour (ASI) is built up of trade unions of general workers, office and retail workers, seamen, construction and industrial workers, electrical workers and various other professions. These trade unions are affiliated to 5 national federations which in turn are affiliated to ASI. In addition there are 7 national unions which are directly affiliated to ASI. The two largest trade unions in Iceland are Efling-stéttarfélag and VR. Trade unions belonging to ASI represent almost exclusively workers in the private sector, but some of their members are also employed by municipal authorities and the state.
The social partners are represented in public institutions which deal with labour market issues, such as the Administration of Occupational Safety and Health, the Directorate of Labour, the Unemployment Insurance Fund and the Centre for Gender Equality. The purpose of this arrangement is to establish where possible a consensus between the social partners and the government regarding policymaking and the legislative framework.